Tag Archives: Photographer

The breakdown of your camera – what all the buttons mean!

Power switch 

Power Switch

Power Switch

In most cameras you can find this function at the top of your camera. Remember, always turn the power off when you are changing your lenses, batteries and most importantly the memory card. Never remove your memory card when the camera is switched on as you may lose or damage the memory card.


Battery Slot

Battery Slot

Make sure you charge all your batteries before you use your camera. This is vitally important as you don’t want to miss any critical moments went out and about. I always recommend you carry a spare battery with you which is fully charged. Keep a note of how many images your battery can take before it runs out. For example, on a high range DSLR you can probably take around 1000 images before it runs out.

Shutter button

Shutter Button

Shutter Button

This releases the shutter and also depending on your camera turns on the lens focusing it when pushed half way down. Remember to gently press this button down so you can lock your focus well and take a great picture.

Viewfinder Focus



This adjusts your viewfinder to your vision. My suggestion would be to look through at a blank wall with some markings upon it so you can adjust the viewfinder until it’s perfectly in focus.

Command dials

Command Dial

Command Dial

The function of this dial will vary depending on your camera model. The most cameras this will set most of the functions such as ISO, white balance, aperture and shutter.

Selection button

Selection Button/Cursor

Selection Button/Cursor


This is used for navigating the menu to set the different functions of your camera as well as photographs in playback. Also, depending on the model of your camera the functions of this button may vary.

The menu

Menu Button

Menu Button

When you first get your camera make sure you take time to navigate the menu your camera. A small bit of preparation will go a long way particularly when you are out and about. Depending on the camera you have the number of menus may vary. For the purposes of this article I will explore a selection of the menus available on a Nikon DSLR as there are too many to explore!

Setup menu

Menu Mode

Setup Menu

This contains all of the basic functions of your device. Make sure you get to know where everything is.

Shooting menu

This contains all the options available when taking pictures. Functions such as quality, White balance, ISO, exposure can be often found on buttons of your camera saving you time having to manually change this via the menu.

Custom settings menu

This is a menu bank which allows you to fine tune your camera settings allowing you to have complete control over your photography.

Playback menu

This menu is concerned with reviewing and management of your images on your that regard

Retouch menu

This menu is increasingly becoming available on cameras allows you to edit your images and make a copy while leaving the original. The benefit of this is that you can print your images directly from your camera without you need of a computer.

My recommendation

Don’t get too worried about all functions available on your camera. The key thing to do is to start taking images as quickly as possible. This is important because you need to get a feel for your and once you understand how are works you can then go in to exploring double intricate functions of your camera.

Exposure modes

Exposure Modes

Exposure Modes

Almost all cameras have and exposure mode although at times you might find this in the menu section.

M or manual mode- in this mode you control both the shutter and the aperture. If you want to use the Bulb settings where you have a long exposure modes you’ll have to set your camera to manual mode.

A or AV- Aperture priority mode- this is where you set the aperture and the camera automatically chooses the shutter speed and correct exposure.

S or TV (Time value)- Shutter Priority Mode- this is another semi automatic setting where you can choose the shutter speed and the camera automatically sets the aperture of the correct exposure.

P- Program Mode- is setting set both the shutter and aperture but you could override it with exposure compensation. This setting is most commonly used.

Auto- Automatic Mode- this sets a shutter and the aperture as well adjusting all the exposures. If have used your camera for the first time you will most likely use this mode to begin with.

Preset modes

This compact cameras and entry level DSLRs Will have a number of preset modes set up for you to use in common situations. While starting out these preset modes Will be useful for you to use however the time you will start to move away from the settings as you adapt your photographic needs.

Portrait mode- in this mode the camera sets the aperture as large as possible as the expectation Will be to make the subjects face start now from its background.

Landscape mode- this sets the average as small as possible hello you to get a greater depth of field.

Close up Mode- this is usually used to photograph objects such as flowers. This allows the subject to have some depth of field with the background slightly out of focus.

Sports mode-this sets the shutter speed to its highest which allows for greater freeze motion Capture. Focus is set two continuous when the shutter release button is slightly pressed.

Night landscape mode- here you will have to slow shutter speeds available. It is highly recommended you use a tripod to capture the best possible images at night.

Night portrait mode- the camera balances the flash that is released on the subject with the light present in the background.


Playback Button

Playback Button

The playback button allows you to to see all the images that you have recorded onto a memory card. Using the selection button you’ll be able together more technical data all the image at hand. Information included such as exposure mode, Aperture,ISO, shutter speed, focal length of the lens, White balance setting and histograms can be found here.

Depending on the model of your camera you will be able to view one all Multiple images on your screen. Using the plus button (also seen as our magnifying glass with a plus sign in it) you’ll be able to zoom into images to see the sharpness of the detail with it. In the same fashion clicking on the minus button Will zoom out of the image as well as allow you to see thumbnails of all the images you have taken.

The Histogram



This basically shows a graphic representation of how exposed the image is. The left hand side shows the shadow areas of the image and the right hand side shows the highlights. As a rule of thumb if the peak of the image is to the left it shows that the image is under exposed. If the peak is the right it Is overexposed. When the peak is in the centre it shows normal exposure. Pissed about is generally useful to find where detail can be lost in extreme highlights. So if your graph is to the far left you will need to increase your expression.

Protecting your images from being deleted

Lock Button

Lock Button

Under camera you may find button with a key sign on it. When you are looking through images and you want to make sure that none are deleted then press the button only images you wish to keep.

Deleting images 

Delete Button

Delete Button

There are many ways in which you can delete images. You can delete individual images or simply format your memory card. To deletes images you will need to press the ‘bin’ button when viewing the image. My suggestion would be to take all the images you want first and then filter through the ones that you don’t want. More often than not people tend to keep all the images with a view of deleting the ones they don’t want later. Consequently most people end up with large volumes of pictures that they don’t want of you again but  end up taking up a lot of space, to take the time to delete the ones you don’t want first.

Next blog: What has image quality got to do with ISO?

Soul Journeys with Marilyn Devonish- Full Interview

Marilyn Devonish is the founder of Trance Formations™, a training, consultancy and coaching company committed to improving and transforming the performance of individuals and organisations. In this interview Marilyn shares with us her journey from her challenging upbringing and her early career choices. She discusses how teenagers deciding at a young age what to do in their lives is exceptionally challenging and that even people in their 30’s and 40’s don’t know what they want to do. She goes on to discuss how her early 20s were spent going along and accepting everything as it was and how it was her fiancé’s affair that took her to the brink and how it ‘broke’ her.

Marilyn goes on to tells us how it took her 12 years to process and understand Oprah’s comment on how to find your passion: ‘What is the conversation if you hear would want you to stop and join in’ and that after stumbling in to NLP how she found her greater calling.

Marilyn discusses the importance of congruency in everything you do and how her clients and participants in her workshops have consistently told her that there was no difference to her stage persona to her personal persona. Marilyn discusses her ‘crucible moment’ and how her range of skills allows her to provide a bespoke service to all her clients. In conclusion she discusses how limitless the potential of the world is and how it is changing so rapidly.

You can find out more about Marilyn’s work on her website here: http://tranceformationstm.com/

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Watched Marilyn’s Soul Journey? Want even more inspiration? Then have a look at a few more of our inspirational Soul Journeyers below:

In this feature length interview Anj discusses how anyone with a passion for something can raise awareness using different platforms today. She talks about how she is continuing to discover herself and, how with time, she continues to learn new things and how she overcame her fears and suggests how others can too.

Anj discusses how through her experiences anyone can take a stand for what they believe in passionately. Anj shares what her business People Help People is currently working on and her lightbulb moment and how that changed everything. Anj shares with us how everyone in life can reach rock bottom and how this is an opportunity for anyone to rise to their real potential and contribution in our world.

In this feature length interview with Stuart Ralph discusses his journey to write his first book and the origins of his passion for marketing. He talks about why he was compelled to write and share his knowledge with others. Stuart shares with us the challenges he faced in his early childhood and how he came to terms with it. He goes on to discuss the ‘wall’ moment and the realisation he came to as a result and how that propelled him in to overcoming all obstacles today and how we as individuals are the cause of our own suffering and suggests ways to move forward away from it. Stuart gives us his top tips on how to get motivated and explains how we can change our habits to achieve growth for ourselves. Stuart discusses the moral challenges facing the marketing world today and how it creates a subtle culture of dependency. Stuart discusses his new project – his new website which focuses on his philosophy, marketing and his passion about selling the truth through awakening people to the born majesty that lies within them.

Stuart discusses why changing direction can be a positive move for any human with a focused discussion on him moving away from Morally Marketed in to ‘Stuart Ralph’ the brand and what truth means to him!





Soul Journeys with Ram Rijal- Sunday 7 June 7.30pm GMT



It’s time for another Soul Journeys LIVE webinar! This Sunday I will be hosting Ram Rijal from Kathmandu, Nepal.

An MIT graduate- Ram was inspired by his classmates and their love for education and decided that he wanted to bring this love and passion back to his home country of Nepal. 
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However Ram’s story is not at all stooped in riches, his is an amazing journey of a boy growing up at a time of great turbulence in the countryside of Nepal during the Civil War. His journey took him to Kathmandu and later to England to study his IB culminating in studying at MIT. 
On his immediate return to Nepal he setup the Bloom Nepal school with a vision to inspire and create a platform for the youth of Nepal today. 


Want to find out more about the Bloom Nepal schools and how you can donate to support: Click Here


So, if you love a great story, love education, want to learn how you can make a difference or just want to be inspired then join us this Sunday 7.30pm UK time and you will have an opportunity to hear Ram’s story LIVE and ask him any questions you have on his project. So go ahead and click on the link here! We look forward to seeing you there! Please like and share this with one other friend who you think might benefit from this webinar!


Want to find out more about the Bloom Nepal schools and how you can donate to support: Click Here

Soul Journeys with Marilyn Devonish

Marilyn Devonish is the founder of Trance Formations™, a training, consultancy and coaching company committed to improving and transforming the performance of individuals and organisations. In this interview Marilyn shares with us her journey from her challenging upbringing to her lifechanging moment in her early 30’s.

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